The ＂addition and subtraction method＂ in the ＂State Book＂ in 2022 -the CPPCC Network
The "addition and subtraction method" in the "State Book" in 2022 -the CPPCC Network
Implement the largest tax refund and tax reduction in history to stimulate the vitality of the market subject; adhere to the government to live a "tight life", increase the key areas of the strength of fiscal expenditure; Behind the ledger, between the increasing or decrease of the income and expenditure, reflecting the efforts and regulation direction of the steady growth of fiscal policy.
Increasing tax reduction tax rebate and tax reduction is a highlight of this year’s fiscal policy, and it is also the keyword in the budget report this year. According to the arrangement, the tax and tax reduction and minus tax and minus taxes this year are the highest in history. It will benefit hundreds of millions of market entities including manufacturing, small and medium -sized enterprises, and individual industrial and commercial households. Among them, the tax refund is about trillions, and the tax refund funds are all directly reached by the enterprise.
"Tax reduction and fee reduction are the key to reduce the negative of enterprises, increase the blessing of the people’s livelihood, and the stability of the development of the development of the people." Zhang Lianqi, member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, said that how to make the types of taxes involved in the subject of the subject A series of tax cuts and fees "real gold and silver" fell from "paper" to "accounts", allowing a package to benefit policies to develop a good strategy for corporate self -confidence. The original intention, the determination to reduce the burden on the market, and the carefulness of the policy to fulfill the policy.
From last year’s trillion yuan to trillion yuan this year, the scale of tax cuts and fees and fees continued to increase, and the time of policy implementation is also constantly advanced. Positive signals to keep employment. Huang Dachang, a representative of the National People’s Congress and the chairman of Guangdong Qian color Hua Chemical Co., Ltd., said that a new round of tax reduction policy will provide strong support to ensure the smooth operation of the economy. In his opinion, direct tax refund funds to enterprises are conducive to revitalizing the capital pool of enterprises, allowing enterprises to have more cash flows to cope with changes in the market environment and improve their ability to resist risk. "The State Administration of Taxation will also continuously improve the private tax payment measures according to the new situation and new demand, further solve the difficulty of relief for market players, and continue to optimize the tax business environment." Said Zhao Jing, a representative of the National People’s Congress and deputy director of the State Administration of Taxation. The "too tight life" has been reduced by government expenditure increases for many years in the government work report. The "use of Yumin" continues the previous main tone, which means that the government must use "tight days" in exchange for "good days", and "subtract" the "subtraction" of "three public" funds to help people’s livelihood. According to the budget report, this year, the central level expenditure increased by%, and the expenditure of the central department continued to grow negatively.
On the basis of strict control of the central departments for many years, we will continue to reduce non -rigidity and non -key project expenditures, and strive to reduce administrative operation costs.
In the opinion of Shi Jianhui, a representative of the National People’s Congress and the director of the Hunan Provincial Department of Finance, the vigorous reduction of general expenditures in the past few years is the "primary version" of the general expenditure. This year’s implementation of the "budget reform year" operation will start the " Upgraded version". More fiscal resources will be used to improve basic people’s livelihood and support the development of market entities.
In order to ensure the needs of departments to perform their duties, education and science and technology are not included in the scope of reduction.
At the same time, the central government has increased by about trillion yuan and a scale of nearly trillion yuan, an increase of 18%, an increase of over the years. The central government has incorporated more funds into the scope of direct access. Provincial finances must also increase their support for cities and counties, so that the grassroots implementation of the policy of benefiting enterprises and the people is more capable and motivated. "The central government has further reduced the financial expenditure at this level, leaving greater financial resources to tilt towards the grassroots level, and required expansion of the scope of direct funding, accelerating the sinking speed of funds, shortening the transfer of transfer funds at the way to occupy the way, strictly prevent crowding and misappropriation, and ensure a larger scale transfer. Pay directly to the grassroots level, help enterprises to benefit the people, and ensure that there is no financial risk and maintaining social stability. "Zhang Yiqun, deputy chairman of the China Fiscal Budget Performance Special Committee. The risk of debt reduction increases the fiscal and sustainable fiscal rate this year is planned to be arranged by about%, which is reduced from last year, and it has returned to the level of 2019. The deficit rate is reduced, which does not mean that the intensity of fiscal expenditure is weakened. The Minister of Finance Liu Kun said at the first "Minister Channel" of the Fifth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress that the proper reduction of the deficit rate is an important measure to maintain financial sustainability. How to drive effective investment, local government special bonds are one of the main tools. According to the arrangement, the scale of the special debt this year is one trillion yuan.
"Local government special debt still maintains a high level, which has become the biggest increase and highlight, and will play an important role in the next steady growth.
Zhu Zhenxin, Dean of Jufeng Financial Research Institute, believes that Zhang Lianqi said that investment attaches great importance to the "two new and one weight", especially the new infrastructure, which is not only stable, but also for a long -term; It is more to change the investment structure; not only to improve investment efficiency, but also pay attention to the quality and efficiency of investment.
Local debt risk prevention and control will not be relaxed. The Ministry of Finance has stated that this year, we must seriously accountability for false debt and new hidden debt, and improve the long -term mechanism of preventing and resolving hidden debt risks.
It is necessary to strengthen the coordinated supervision of the department, strengthen budget constraints and government investment project management.
According to the established deployment, we must do a good job in the pilot of non -hidden debt in the low -risk areas.
Long Zhengcai, a representative of the National People’s Congress and the director of the Hubei Provincial Department of Finance, believes that preventing government debt risks is hard discipline, hard bar bar, which is related to fiscal stability and government reputation. Hubei will further strengthen the source control, improve the standard, safe, and efficient government financing and debt -lifting mechanism, and to achieve the matching of debt limits and debt repayment capabilities.
(Li Yuan) Editor: Qin Yun.